Pillar and Bulwark of The Truth – The History of Authority (2009 Deep In History Conference Talks)


“But if I should be delayed, you should know how to behave in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of truth.” – 1 Timothy 3:15

Christians necessarily live under authority because Christ is their King. But what kind of authority does Christ have and how is it expressed in the history of the Church? Is that authority purely “spiritual” having no connection to any visible church? Does the authority of Jesus Christ express itself only through local churches or did Christ appoint one human shepherd to mirror his authority by leading all the churches spread throughout the world into greater love and service? What happens when Christians reject the proper authority established by Christ? Most importantly, does Christ exercise his authority by painful imposition or by gentle leading of his flock? In these talks, these questions are addressed for the edification of all Christians.


  • “The Verse I Never Saw” – Marcus Grodi
  • “The Issue of Authority in Early Christianity” – Dr. Kenneth Howell
  • “Peter and the Keys” – Steve Ray
  • “Jewish Roots of the Papacy” – Dr. Brant Pitre
  • “Authority Through the Trinity” – Msgr. Frank Lane
  • “Spiritual Authority – Who Needs It?” – Dr. Paul Thigpen
  • “The Issue of Authority in the Protestant and Catholic Reformation” – Dr. Kenneth Howell
  • “What Connects Nicaea and Vatican II: Ecumenical Councils and the Magisterium” – Archbishop Michael Sheehan
  • “Understanding Our Father: The Power of Prayer and the Eucharist” – Dr. Scott Hahn
  • “Cardinal Newman: So Great a Remedy for So Great an Evil” – Fr. Ray Ryland
  • 2009 Panel Discussion
  • 2009 Homilies

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